Measuring Camera Translation by the Dominant Apical Angle:
This paper provides a technique for measuring camera translation relatively w.r.t. the scene from two images. We demonstrate that the amount of the translation can be reliably measured for general as well as planar scenes by the most frequent apical angle, the angle under which the camera centers are seen from the perspective of the reconstructed scene points. Simulated experiments show that the dominant apical angle is a linear function of the length of the true camera translation. In a real experiment, we demonstrate that by skipping image pairs with too small motion, we can reliably initialize structure from motion, compute accurate camera trajectory in order to rectify images and use the ground plane constraint in recognition of pedestrians in a hand-held video sequence.